The Constitution of India establishes India as a secular, democratic and sovereign nation. Further, it ensures equality liberty and justice to all Indian citizens. It also promotes unity, integrity, secularism, socialism and democracy.

Highlights of Constitution of India

Here are some highlights of the Constitution of India:


The Preamble of Constitution of India comprise of the following:

• Equality: Equal opportunity and social status for all Indian citizens.

• Justice: Social, political and economic justice.

• Fraternity: This guarantees individual’s dignity and country’s unity.

• Liberty: Liberty to all Indian citizens for freedom of expression, religion, speech, and beliefs.

Fundamental Rights

The Constitution of India grants seven fundamental rights to Indian citizens, to promote democracy in the country, such as:

• Right to Education.

• Right to Equality.

• Right to Freedom from Exploitation.

• Right to Freedom of Religion.

• Right to Particular Freedom.

• Cultural and Educational Rights.

• Right to Constitutional Remedies.

Fundamental Duties

The Indian Constitution also imposes some fundamental duties along with the grant of fundamental rights. These duties are moral obligations imposed to encourage spirit of unity and national integrity.

Directive Principles

The Directive Principles of State Policy are included in part IV of Indian Constitution, play an important role in governance of the country. The government of India complies with these principles while framing legislations. The Directive Principles of Indian Constitution are based on the Directive Principles of Constitution of Ireland and relate to economic progress, social justice, foreign policy, administrative and legal matters.